This essay is conceived in two parts: the first part deals with the perspectival and artistic work of the Minim Father Jean François Niceron (1613–1646). Niceron is the author of two volumes (the second published posthumously) that have become milestones concerning studies on perspective in the Seventeenthcentury – La perspective curieuse (Paris, 1638) and the Thaumaturgus opticus (Paris, 1646). Niceron’s expressive world developed into acutely deceptive works at a very early stage of his life. The second part describes a digital interpretation of a non-executed project for a scientific Villa where we could have found instruments of Wonder employing mirrors and lenses commissioned by Cardinal Camillo Pamphilj (1622–1666). The project was conceived by the architect Francesco Borromini (1599–1667) and Father Emmanuel Maignan (1601–1676) at the end of the first half of the Seventeenth century. Borromini, who is well known for his architectonical work, drew both building plan and façade using two different symmetrical solutions. Maignan wrote a list of 21 scientific games, most of them scaled architectonically, representing the experimental research in the Baroque period on optics, gnomonic, void, acoustics, magnetism and so on. As well, optical ‘games’ adopting conical mirrors that create catoptric anamorphosis, and flat mirrors conceived to project sunrays in the building and develop catoptric sundials, will also be examined. Niceron’s and Maignan’s epistemological research intersected Cartesian and Hobbesian thought. Their works often became a true reflection of contemporary philosophical positions, while nevertheless preserving their stylistic autonomy both in content and form.

Anamorphosis : between perspective and catoptrics

De Rosa, Agostino;
2019

Abstract

This essay is conceived in two parts: the first part deals with the perspectival and artistic work of the Minim Father Jean François Niceron (1613–1646). Niceron is the author of two volumes (the second published posthumously) that have become milestones concerning studies on perspective in the Seventeenthcentury – La perspective curieuse (Paris, 1638) and the Thaumaturgus opticus (Paris, 1646). Niceron’s expressive world developed into acutely deceptive works at a very early stage of his life. The second part describes a digital interpretation of a non-executed project for a scientific Villa where we could have found instruments of Wonder employing mirrors and lenses commissioned by Cardinal Camillo Pamphilj (1622–1666). The project was conceived by the architect Francesco Borromini (1599–1667) and Father Emmanuel Maignan (1601–1676) at the end of the first half of the Seventeenth century. Borromini, who is well known for his architectonical work, drew both building plan and façade using two different symmetrical solutions. Maignan wrote a list of 21 scientific games, most of them scaled architectonically, representing the experimental research in the Baroque period on optics, gnomonic, void, acoustics, magnetism and so on. As well, optical ‘games’ adopting conical mirrors that create catoptric anamorphosis, and flat mirrors conceived to project sunrays in the building and develop catoptric sundials, will also be examined. Niceron’s and Maignan’s epistemological research intersected Cartesian and Hobbesian thought. Their works often became a true reflection of contemporary philosophical positions, while nevertheless preserving their stylistic autonomy both in content and form.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11578/275956
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