The research presented in this paper investigated the mechanical behavior of bricks subjected to moisture and salt crystallization, and aimed at determining the mechanical degradation of bricks due to these environmental factors. Compression tests were performed on bricks removed from an historical Venetian building. The paper presents the experimental campaign and the results. The analysis of the experimental results provided novel information about the effects of moisture and salts on the compression strength of bricks. In particular, the experimental results demonstrate that moisture significantly reduces the compression strength of a brick; the greater the moisture content the lower compression strength, all other condition being equal, in particular salt concentration inside the brick. Moreover, the experimental results demonstrate that salts together with moisture significantly reduce brick compression strength, while salts without moisture increase brick compression strength. However, the crystallization of these salts can cause subflorescence and efflorescence inside the bricks, which eventually reduce the compression strength of the bricks and the masonry. The paper provides a discussion on the results that extends the outcomes to any masonry building subjected to brackish water or tides. The conclusions are devoted to safeguarding and conservation of masonry buildings that suffer from humidity and salt crystallization.

Experimental investigation on bricks from historical Venetian buildings subjected to moisture and salt crystallization

FORABOSCHI, PAOLO;VANIN, ALESSIA
2014

Abstract

The research presented in this paper investigated the mechanical behavior of bricks subjected to moisture and salt crystallization, and aimed at determining the mechanical degradation of bricks due to these environmental factors. Compression tests were performed on bricks removed from an historical Venetian building. The paper presents the experimental campaign and the results. The analysis of the experimental results provided novel information about the effects of moisture and salts on the compression strength of bricks. In particular, the experimental results demonstrate that moisture significantly reduces the compression strength of a brick; the greater the moisture content the lower compression strength, all other condition being equal, in particular salt concentration inside the brick. Moreover, the experimental results demonstrate that salts together with moisture significantly reduce brick compression strength, while salts without moisture increase brick compression strength. However, the crystallization of these salts can cause subflorescence and efflorescence inside the bricks, which eventually reduce the compression strength of the bricks and the masonry. The paper provides a discussion on the results that extends the outcomes to any masonry building subjected to brackish water or tides. The conclusions are devoted to safeguarding and conservation of masonry buildings that suffer from humidity and salt crystallization.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11578/172488
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 47
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 45
social impact