The spatiotemporal analysis and mapping of soil organic matter (SOM) play a pivotal role for evaluating soil health and for implementing preservation and restoration actions. In this context, the first aim of the study is to furnish a high-resolution mapping of current SOM content in eastern Croatia. The second aim is to perform a diachronic analysis of SOM content, comparing two datasets characterized by an extreme data imbalance. The more recent dataset (SOM2010), representative of 2010s, comprises 19,386 samples and the older dataset (SOM1970), representative of the 1970s, comprises 152 samples. The marked data imbalance and the different modalities in soil sampling and laboratory analysis of the two datasets are taken into consideration in performing the comparison. The study reveals a general depletion trend of SOM from the 1970s to the 2010s, more evident in with regard to Fluvisols and Gleysols. At a regional scale, the SOM2010 is characterized by lower variability compared to SOM1970, indicating a process of homogenization of SOM spatial distribution in recent years. Considering the local scale, there is limited information for the 1970s; for the 2010s the SOM spatial distribution is characterized by a high short-range spatial variability, with a characteristic spotty appearance, likely related to agricultural practices.

Diachronic Mapping of Soil Organic Matter in Eastern Croatia Croplands

Trevisani, S;
2022

Abstract

The spatiotemporal analysis and mapping of soil organic matter (SOM) play a pivotal role for evaluating soil health and for implementing preservation and restoration actions. In this context, the first aim of the study is to furnish a high-resolution mapping of current SOM content in eastern Croatia. The second aim is to perform a diachronic analysis of SOM content, comparing two datasets characterized by an extreme data imbalance. The more recent dataset (SOM2010), representative of 2010s, comprises 19,386 samples and the older dataset (SOM1970), representative of the 1970s, comprises 152 samples. The marked data imbalance and the different modalities in soil sampling and laboratory analysis of the two datasets are taken into consideration in performing the comparison. The study reveals a general depletion trend of SOM from the 1970s to the 2010s, more evident in with regard to Fluvisols and Gleysols. At a regional scale, the SOM2010 is characterized by lower variability compared to SOM1970, indicating a process of homogenization of SOM spatial distribution in recent years. Considering the local scale, there is limited information for the 1970s; for the 2010s the SOM spatial distribution is characterized by a high short-range spatial variability, with a characteristic spotty appearance, likely related to agricultural practices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11578/319006
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