This paper presents a novel and robust approach to consistent labeling for people surveillance in multicamera systems. A general framework scalable to any number of cameras with overlapped views is devised. An offline training process automatically computes ground-plane homography and recovers epipolar geometry. When a new object is detected in any one camera, hypotheses for potential matching objects in the other cameras are established. Each of the hypotheses is evaluated using a prior and likelihood value. The prior accounts for the positions of the potential matching objects, while the likelihood is computed by warping the vertical axis of the new object on the field of view of the other cameras and measuring the amount of match. In the likelihood, two contributions (forward and backward) are considered so as to correctly handle the case of groups of people merged into single objects. Eventually, a maximum-a-posteriori approach estimates the best label assignment for the new object. Comparisons with other methods based on homography and extensive outdoor experiments demonstrate that the proposed approach is accurate and robust in coping with segmentation errors and in disambiguating groups.
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